The economic interest associated with land management is supposed to ensure that economic interests do not supersede the need to conserve and protect the ecosystems. The economic philosophy of land
management is based on sustainable development where economic interests do not have a substantial negative impact on the ecosystem (Bates, 1993). The conservation philosophy concerns with the
allocation, use, and protection of natural resources and its effect on the ecosystem is the maintenance of the diversity and health of the ecosystem. The preservation philosophy is based on the
need to retain the stability and order of the past by controlling aspects of the present (Bates, 1993). The effect on the ecosystem is that there is the maintenance of balance as well as the health
of the ecosystem.
The Bundy standoff has been one of the most controversial issues associated with public land use. The standoff is between Cliven Bundy, a rancher using public land, and the Bureau of Land
Management which is the agency overseeing management of the land. The laws of this land are that the bureau is in charge of managing the land and also placing protected status on certain lands.
According to the law, grazers are supposed to pay certain grazing fees, but Bundy has declined since the BLM is pushing ranchers away from public land. The decision by BLM to push ranchers from
public land is based on a conservationist perspective due to the need to protect the habitat of the desert tortoise. The conservationist efforts include the need to eliminate cattle grazing in the
land as well as off-roading (Fuller, 2016). From this conflict, BLM is taking the right approaches, and the grazers need to realize the imperative of conservation of land in supporting endangered
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